Moscow Mayors

Moscow has always been the historic capital: of the Grand Moscow principality, of Russian kingdom, of Russian empire, of the Soviet Union and finally of Russia. Who made Moscow a Hero City? 

Here are fun facts about 11 most famous Mayors of Moscow from 1709 to 2015, some of which we talk about on our Kremlin tour.

Moscow Mayors

Tikhon Strezhnev, the mayor-pioneer

1709–1711

Tikhon was Peter the Great’s uncle, who led him during the coronation and was in charge of purchasing and repairing Peter’s toys.

Moscow Mayors. Tikhon Strezhnev

Moscow Mayors. Tikhon Strezhnev

Vasily Dolgoruky, the mayor-altruist 

1780–1782

Military general, sent troops to the Crimea peninsula and annexed to Russia, and was awarded with diamonds and the title of the Crimea by Catherine the Great, but not the rank of Field Marshal. Offended, he resigned. Muscovites especially loved him for festivities which he organized every Sunday near his homestead on the Sparrow Hills.

Lived in a mansion on the corner of Okhotny Ryad and Bolshaya Dmitrovka, which later became the House of Unions, where Russians parted with Stalin.

Moscow Mayors. Vasily Dolgoruky

Moscow Mayors. Vasily Dolgoruky

Fyodor Rostopchin, the mayor – arsonist

1812-1814

Great schemer at the court of Catherine II, the favorite under Paul I, led the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

According to a legend, the idea of burning Moscow, before French would take it over, belonged to Rostopchin – although he denied it.

 Moscow Mayors. Fyodor Rostopchin

Moscow Mayors. Fyodor Rostopchin

Dmitry Golitsyn, the mayor – urbanist

1820-1844

Knew French and hardly spoke any Russian.

His achievements can be listed for a long time, for example: he arranged the construction of the Resurrection Garden (now Alexander  Garden), and ordered to build the Bolshoy theatre, Maly theaters, and the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.

Moscow Mayors. Dmitry Golitsyn

Moscow Mayors. Dmitry Golitsyn

Arseny Zakrevsky, the mayor -tyrant

1848-1859

Did not like to follow a law , and sentg everybody he found “misbehaving” to Siberia. Tried to fight bribery, and in this respect historians consider him as an honest man.

Moscow Mayors. Arseny Zakrevsky

Moscow Mayors. Arseny Zakrevsky

Vladimir Dolgorukov, the mayor-favorite

1865-1891

The supreme marshal at the coronation of Alexander II, and one of the longest one in the post of the head of Moscow – 26 years. During that time, Moscow’s population tripled.

Opened the Conservatory and the Historical Museum.

 

Moscow Mayors. Vladimir Dolgorukov

Moscow Mayors. Vladimir Dolgorukov

Nikolai Bulganin, the mayor-Stalinist

1931-1937

Launched the Moscow subway and trolley lines, rebuilt historic center, extended Tverskaya street and the Garden Ring. Demolished Christ the Savior Cathedral. Many churches and monasteries were closed.

Moscow Mayors. Nikolai Bulganin

Moscow Mayors. Nikolai Bulganin

Vladimir Promyslov, the mayor-modernist

1963-1986

With the active assistance of Promyslov Moscow became the “hostess” to the Olympics-80 and received the title of Hero City.

Moscow Mayors. Vladimir Promyslov

Moscow Mayors. Vladimir Promyslov

Gavriil Popov, the mayor-liberal

1990-1992

Greek by nationality. Greatly changed Moscow: many new streets, alleys and squares got back their pre-revolutionary  historic names.

Contributed to the opening of the first “McDonald’s”, which concluded a preferential agreement for 49 years – Cafe on Pushkin street is still paying rent at the rate of 1 ruble per square meter.

Moscow Mayors. Gavriil Popov

Moscow Mayors. Gavriil Popov

Yuri Luzhkov, the mayor-beekeeper

1992-2010

Breeder of bees, an amateur inventor and the author of 37 books.

As he became mayor a lot of money came to the city, as well as abundance of shops, new roads and a variety of entertainment, demolition of monuments and corruption.

Moscow Mayors. Yuri Luzhkov

Moscow Mayors. Yuri Luzhkov

Moscow Mayors. Yuri Luzhkov

Moscow Mayors. Yuri Luzhkov

Moscow Mayors. Yuri Luzhkov

Moscow Mayors. Yuri Luzhkov

Moscow Mayors. Yuri Luzhkov

Moscow Mayors. Yuri Luzhkov

Sergei Sobyanin

2010-present
Born on June 21, 1958. In student years was never interested in public affairs and in general was quiet and shy.
His career began in Chelyabinsk Tube Rolling Plant as a mechanic.
Sergey Sobyanin prefers holidays in Russia, mainly in the “wilderness”, enjoying hunting and fishing.
Thanks to his father, S.Sobyanin loves hunting and skiing.

Moscow Mayors. Sergei Sobyanin

Moscow Mayors. Sergei Sobyanin

Moscow Mayors. Sergei Sobyanin

Moscow Mayors. Sergei Sobyanin

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One Comment:

  1. Mary Ann Rabalais

    I enjoyed reading the historical listing of Moscow’s Mayors. I am intrigued by the various personalities and for what they are remembered. I especially like the last mayor Sergey Sobyanin. I’m glad to learn he enjoys nature, the fishing and hunting. I look at many of his pictures. I innately feel he is a person of deep character, keeping his real life, very private, but where Wisdom resides. It’s like he hides a rich resource of interior knowledge. It bothers me that his eye are not often lit up with a light from a smile. It’s easy to emotionally involve one with this admirable Mayor/leader. As i read about him and research Moscow’s current events, I think he has qualities of greatness. I admire him greatly. MaryAnn Rabalais

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